Colorado Rental Lease Agreement Templates

Colorado rental lease agreements are pivotal legal documents that establish the contractual relationship between a landlord and a tenant. Governed by Colorado's Revised Statutes, specifically Title 38, these agreements meticulously detail both parties' rights, duties, and obligations.

Updated on August 15, 2023

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Colorado rental lease agreements are pivotal legal documents that establish the contractual relationship between a landlord and a tenant. Governed by Colorado’s Revised Statutes, specifically Title 38, these agreements meticulously detail both parties’ rights, duties, and obligations. They encompass essential elements such as rent specifications, security deposit guidelines, and maintenance responsibilities.

Lease Agreements: By Type (0)

Commercial Lease Agreement

A formal contract that facilitates the rental of commercial spaces, such as offices or retail outlets, with terms distinct from residential leases.

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Rent-to-Own Agreement (Lease Option)

An agreement offering tenants the choice to purchase the rented property after a set period, integrating both rental and purchase conditions.

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Month-to-Month Lease Agreement

A flexible lease that renews every month, allowing either party to terminate with appropriate notice, typically 30 days in Colorado.

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Roommate Agreement

Specifically crafted for cohabitants, this document delineates individual responsibilities, from rent division to shared space utilization.

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Standard (1-year) Lease Agreement

A prevalent lease type with a fixed one-year duration, outlining the comprehensive responsibilities of both the landlord and tenant.

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Sublease Agreement

Permits an existing tenant to lease their space to a secondary party, with the primary tenant retaining responsibility for the property and adhering to the initial lease's conditions.

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Landlord and Tenant Act, Simplified

The Colorado Landlord and Tenant Act, outlined in Title 38 of the Colorado Revised Statutes, provides a balanced legal framework for rental transactions, ensuring fairness for both landlords and tenants. It emphasizes transparency, property maintenance, and adherence to lease terms, aiming to foster harmonious rental relationships and reduce disputes.

Required Disclosures

In the state of Colorado, landlords are obligated to provide specific information to tenants, typically within the lease or rental agreement.

Disclosure of the Presence of Mold (Colo. Rev. Stat. § 38-12-402.5): Landlords must disclose in writing to new tenants the presence of any known mold in a dwelling unit. This disclosure should be made before the tenant moves in.

Disclosure of Methamphetamine Contamination (Colo. Rev. Stat. § 25-18.5-102): If a property has been determined to be contaminated by methamphetamine, landlords must disclose this to potential tenants before executing a lease agreement.

Contact Information (Colo. Rev. Stat. § 38-12-503): Landlords are required to provide tenants with the name and address of the property owner or the owner’s agent, as well as anyone authorized to manage the property or act on behalf of the owner for the purpose of service of process and receiving and receipting for notices and demands.

Common Interest Community (Colo. Rev. Stat. § 38-12-301.5): If the property is part of a common interest community, the landlord must disclose this fact to the tenant before the execution of the agreement.

Lead-Based Paint Disclosure: For properties constructed before 1978, federal law mandates landlords to provide tenants with a lead-based paint disclosure. This informs tenants about the potential presence of lead-based paint and offers a pamphlet on the hazards associated with lead-based paint.

Rent Guidelines

In the state of Colorado, there are distinct guidelines and regulations concerning rent.

Rent Increase Notice (Colo. Rev. Stat. § 38-12-701): Landlords must provide a written notice at least 21 days in advance before increasing the rent for month-to-month tenancies.

Late Fees (Colo. Rev. Stat. § 38-12-701): While Colorado law doesn’t specify a maximum amount for late fees, they must be outlined in the lease and be considered reasonable.

Grace Period (Colo. Rev. Stat. § 38-12-701): Colorado doesn’t specify a legal grace period. However, if a grace period is mentioned in the lease agreement, landlords must adhere to it before charging a late fee.

Rent Withholding: Tenants may withhold rent if a landlord fails to take care of important repairs, such as a broken heater. However, tenants must follow specific procedures, including notifying the landlord in writing.

Rent Increase Limitation: There is no statewide rent control in Colorado. However, individual cities may have their own regulations or restrictions on rent increases.

Termination for Nonpayment (Colo. Rev. Stat. § 13-40-104): If a tenant fails to pay rent, landlords can provide a 10-day notice to pay or quit. If the tenant doesn’t comply, the landlord can proceed with eviction.

Receipt of Payment: While not mandated by state law, it’s a good practice for landlords to provide receipts for rent payments, especially for cash payments, to avoid any future disputes.

Security Deposit Guidelines

In Colorado, security deposits serve as a protective measure for landlords against potential damages or unpaid rent. The state has specific regulations to ensure fairness in handling these deposits.

Maximum Security Deposit (Colo. Rev. Stat. § 38-12-102): Colorado does not set a statutory limit on the amount a landlord can charge for a security deposit. However, it’s common practice to charge an amount equivalent to one month’s rent, though it can vary based on the rental agreement.

Return of Security Deposit (Colo. Rev. Stat. § 38-12-103): Landlords must return the security deposit or provide an itemized list of deductions within one month, unless the lease agreement stipulates a longer period, which cannot exceed 60 days.

Deductions from Deposit: Landlords can only make deductions for unpaid rent, unpaid utilities, and damages beyond normal wear and tear. They must provide an itemized list of all deductions.

Terms and Conditions in a Rental Agreement

In Colorado, a rental agreement outlines the terms and conditions that the landlord and tenant agree to during the tenancy. These terms ensure clarity, fairness, and a mutual understanding of expectations.

Duration of Tenancy (Colo. Rev. Stat. § 13-40-107): The lease should specify its duration, whether it’s a fixed-term lease (e.g., one year) or a month-to-month arrangement. If no duration is mentioned, it’s typically considered month-to-month.

Maintenance and Repairs: The landlord and tenant’s responsibilities concerning property maintenance, repairs, and reporting of issues should be detailed.

Pets: If pets are allowed, the lease should specify any restrictions (e.g., type, size) and potential pet deposits or fees.

Termination and Renewal: The conditions under which the lease can be terminated by either party, notice periods, and renewal options should be included.

Landlord’s Right of Entry (Colo. Rev. Stat. § 13-40-104): The circumstances and notice period under which a landlord can enter the rented property should be specified.

Additional Provisions: Depending on the property or specific agreements between the landlord and tenant, other provisions like amenities, parking, or community rules might be included.